Svalbard Global Seed Vault

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Potet tema på Vitenskasakademien

Konferanser var lagt opp i anleding FN sitt fokus på potet i anleding potetens år 2008. Landbruksminister Eskil Erlandsson åpnet arrangementet ved siden av Ms. Fabia Marguerite Midman
som er Chairperson, NWOD FORUM og Professor Gunnar Öquist fra Secretary of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

Kerstin Olsson la fokus på svensk potethisorie og foredling av nye potetsorter i dag. Svein Solberg beskrev hva NordGen har gjort for å beskrive og sikre nordisk materiale gjennom arbeidsgruppens innsats de siste 25 år

I tillegg deltok Perus abassadör i Sverige med perspektiv fra potetens hjemland. Potetens rolle i global matsikkerhet ble dröftet. Professor Greg Forbes fra International Potato Center i Peru, samt representanter fra SIDA og FAO bidro.

Arrangementet var del av The NEW WORLD ORDER DEVELOPMENT FORUM som er en internasjonal "think-tank" og del av UN globale konferanser.

 

Nedenfor finner du litt om bakgrunnen for arrangementet:

In declaring 2008 the International Year of the Potato (IYP), the UN General Assembly seeks to focus world attention on the role the potato can play in agriculture, the economy and world food security. The General Assembly has asked FAO to facilitate IYP implementation, in collaboration with governments, UN agencies, CGIAR centres and NGOs. The International Year of the Potato is to be celebrated throughout 2008. NWOD FORUM is organizing the”Potato activities in Sweden” and cordially invites you to the Inaugural Conference on Tuesday, 25 November 2008, hosted by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
The country of origin of the Potato is Peru and is home for the International Potato Centre (CIP). CIP holds the world’s largest bank of potato germplasm, including some 1 500 samples of about 100 wild species and 3 800 traditional Andean cultivated potatoes. Speakers from Peru will tell us about potato and biodiversity and how they identify new genes of agronomic importance mixing conventional breeding and biotechnology. We shall also hear about Potato late blight (LB), the most serious potato disease worldwide. The threat posed to food security is starkly illustrated by the Irish “potato famines” of the mid-19th century and caused the deaths of one million people and the mass emigration of millions more.
The Potato was introduced in Sweden by two members of the Royal Academy of Sciences, Countess Eva Ekeblad, who also described the use of potato to produce alcohol in 1746, and Mr. Jonas Alströmer, a Swedish industrialist, who popularized the potato cultivation. Is a Swedish Potato Academy in the making?
Will the Potato defeat Hunger?
FAO is helping developing countries to boost potato output by eliminating diseases and viruses from “seed potato”. Research is addressing other key issues in potato production such as drought resistance. Modern potato varieties require little water and can grow in arid areas. Integrated pest management will benefit the environment by drastically reducing the need for chemicals. FAO says that “gender has particular relevance for potato”. In many developing countries, potato production and marketing is the domain of women in farm families. The potato’s nutritive value and relative ease of production have made it an important component in the rapidly expanding urban agriculture sector, which provides food security and employment for as many as 800 million people in developing countries.
Production in Yunnan plateau in China rose 50 percent from 2005 to 2007, and the government has called potatoes “a way out of poverty”. With governments having trouble feeding the growing number of hungry poor and grain prices fluctuating wildly, can potatoes be a solution for the global food crisis? Will climate change affect potato production?

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