Svalbard Global Seed Vault

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The seed collection maintained by NordGen

In total there are more than 30,000 unique seed accessions maintained in our seed collection.

The accessions are of crops and their wild relatives of cereals, vegetables, forages, fiber and oil crops, other industrial crops, medicinal plants, herbs and ornamentals. All are of Nordic origin or of relevance for the Nordic region.

The collection is split into two components, the ordinary collection and the special collections.

The ordinary collection consists of old landraces, cultivars, breeding lines, and their wild relatives.

The special collections consist of material derived from different research projects.

seed store bulk bags

Some subsets of the ordinary collection are:

Fröuppropet - a collection of locally cultivated material from Sweden, received via a public call made by the Swedish national program for plant genetic resources (POM). It includes many peas and beans, but also turnip, ornamental crops and others. 

Conservation varieties - varieties maintained by NordGen and listed as conservation varieties or amateur varieties in one ore more of the Nordic countries.

Allkorn Organic Agriculture Selection. - cereals  of old cultivars selected for organic agriculture in the Nordic region. 


Some of the more well-known special collections are briefly described below.

Barley Mutant Collection - the collection of barley mutants comprises about 10,000 accessions and resulted from a joint Scandinavian mutation research program.

Read more in Udda Lundqvist thesis and the article Scandinavian mutation research in barley - a historical review (Hereditas Vol 151 Issue 6, 2014)

Collection of near-isogenic lines - The collection of near-isogenic lines of wheat, oat and barley was developed by Professor James Mac Key at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences in Uppsala. The near-isogenic lines have different resistance genes in a standard genetic background. The material can be used in plant breeding and resistance research.

The Haslund-Christensen Expedition to Central Asia - collected in the 1940s

Pisum Genetic Stock - approx. 2000 pea lines from W. Weibull AB, donated by Stig Blixt.


An entrance to the various special collections is given under Dataset i SESTO